Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is 50 times stronger than heroin and 100 times more potent than morphine. According to the CDC, this substance is a major contributor to overdoses that occur in the United States.
While there are two different types of fentanyl (pharmaceutical fentanyl and illicitly manufactured fentanyl) most cases of fentanyl-related overdoses stem from the illicit form. Pharmaceutical fentanyl is used to treat severe pain, while the illicit form of the drug is typically used as an adulterant in other drugs.
According to the CDC, “Over 150 people die every day from overdoses related to synthetic opioids like fentanyl.” Because of this, people must be aware of the fact that drugs are often laced with fentanyl and understand why drug dealers do this.
What Drugs are Commonly Laced With Fentanyl?
Fentanyl is often mixed in with other substances, making this drug extremely dangerous. Fentanyl is a highly potent opioid drug, as only a small amount of the substance can lead to a fatal overdose.
Fentanyl is often an adulterant in the following drugs:
- Powdered drugs like cocaine or heroin
- Capsules of drugs like molly
- Pressed pills meant to mimic medications like Xanax or Oxycodone
Experts consider 2 mg of fentanyl to be lethal, but many counterfeit pills contain up to 5 mg (more than twice the lethal dose).
While this may sound like a lot, this is actually a very small amount of fentanyl. For example, 2mg of fentanyl doesn’t even equal the size of a penny. This means that overdosing on the drug is extremely easy.
All drugs that are sold illicitly have the potential to be laced with fentanyl. While some drugs are more commonly adulterated with this substance (like Xanax or Oxycodone pills) they can be found in any type of drug. Even though fentanyl is an opioid, it may be found in other forms of drugs like benzodiazepines, stimulants, and amphetamines.
Why Do Drug Dealers Lace Drugs With Fentanyl?
Drug dealers have been using fentanyl as an adulterant since 1979. While it was less common back then, the number of laced drugs has risen substantially. From May 2020 to April 2021, more than 100,000 Americans died from a drug overdose and over 64% of those deaths were due to synthetic opioids like fentanyl.
But why do drug dealers lace other drugs with fentanyl? If the drug is so potent that it has the potential to kill off customers, what is the gain?
Most of the time, drug dealers are mixing other drugs with fentanyl because it costs them less money, creates a more potent high, and increases their loyal customer base.
Fentanyl is 100 times more potent than morphine, making it extremely powerful. This is one of the many reasons that drug dealers use the substance as an adulterant in other drugs.
Using fentanyl to lace other drugs allows drug dealers to stretch out their products. Adding fentanyl to a substance means that the drug dealer can sell less of the actual product, as fentanyl makes drugs feel more potent. Increasing potency also makes the user feel like the product they are buying is quality, making them return to the dealer for more.
Because fentanyl is so potent, it only takes an extremely small amount. As mentioned above, only 2 mg of fentanyl can kill a person, meaning most dealers will use less than 2mg of fentanyl as an additive in their drugs. This allows drug dealers to cut their cost of production, allowing them to make more money off of the drugs they sell.
Building a More Reliable Clientele Base
When a drug dealer adds fentanyl into a substance, it becomes a lot more potent. People who use drugs are looking for substances that create a strong high. Fentanyl makes drugs more addictive than they already are because they are stronger and more appealing to some drug users.
This combination of factors helps drug traffickers build a larger base of reliable, loyal customers, who keep coming back for more.
How to Know if Your Drugs are Laced With Fentanyl
Fentanyl comes in many different forms, but drug dealers usually use liquid or powdered fentanyl as an adulterant in their drugs. Unfortunately, fentanyl does not have a distinct smell, look, or taste, so many individuals have no idea that their drugs are tainted with the substance.
The only surefire way to tell if your drugs are laced with fentanyl is to use fentanyl testing strips. People who routinely abuse illicit drugs can avoid overdose by testing their drugs with fentanyl testing strips.
According to the CDC, “Test strips are inexpensive and typically give results within 5 minutes, which can be the difference between life or death.”
If someone takes drugs that are tainted with fentanyl, they may experience the signs of a fentanyl overdose. If someone displays the following signs, emergency medical services must be contacted immediately:
- Small pupils
- Falling asleep or losing consciousness
- Slow, weak, or stopped breathing
- Choking or gurgling sounds (death rattle)
- Limp body
- Cold, clammy skin
- Bluish-colored skin (especially on lips and nails)
Naloxone (Narcan) should also be administered, if available, in the event of a fentanyl overdose.
Finding Help for Drug Addiction
If you or a loved one abuses illicit drugs, it’s time to seek help. Many drugs on the street are being mixed with a dangerous substance known as fentanyl, which can cause a fatal overdose after only taking a small amount of the drug.
If you or a loved one are struggling with addiction, there is no better time to get the help you deserve. Contact Addiction Intervention to get connected with a top-rated addiction treatment program in your area.